In The Blithedale Romance, Hawthorne made the best use of his own experience as a resident of Brook Farm with abundant materials of reality. The Blithedalers, like the Brook Farmers, seek to take flight from the discontents of urban life. Expecting the collective farm to satisfy their needs, the reformers vaguely dream that Blithedale can be transformed into a communal Eden. Yet far from establishing an Eden, they have to witness the collapse of the commune. Coverdales Blithedale does not become the regenerate community it professes to be, just as Hawthornes Brook Farm didnt. Through the failure of these two communes, Hawthorne who urgently needed the Faery Land atmosphere as an American romancer came to recognize a paradoxical paradigm: the fairyland is absent in America but exists only at experimental utopias in which reality and fiction are indistinct.